Faster, Stronger … & Smarter With ‘Smart Drugs’
Intellectual EPO they call it. Nearly one-fifth of American researchers and students use prescription drugs to research to study ‘twice as much’. The phenomenon is not yet widespread in the rest of the World, but experts estimate that the development of treatment drugs for performance-enhancing drugs is inevitable.
You Might Also Like: What is Modafinil And Where Can You Buy It?
Ritalin, Vyvanse & Adderall
American students and researchers are increasingly starting to use prescription drugs, such as Ritalin, Adderall, Vyvanse and Provigil, developed for the treatment of attention disorders like ADHD and sleep disorders like narcolepsy. Not because American researchers and students fail something special, they will just take a shortcut to academic success through drugs that enhance healthy human ability to focus, remember and concentrate better and for longer periods of time.
The biggest difference between Vyvanse (Lisdexamfetamine) & Provigil (Modafinil) is that Vyvanse is an amphetamine stimulant which modafinil isn’t.
With that said the development of smart drugs such as Vyvanse and Provigil points to a paradigm shift in which performance-enhancing drugs to healthy people will become more and more common.
Among the proponents of the medicine in improving people’s abilities to be as legitimate as medicine for the treatment of diseases, the Swedish philosopher and expert in computer science and ‘transhumanism’, Anders Sandberg, hired by the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. Trans Humanistic philosophy is the belief that man constantly can and must strive for higher levels both intellectually, physically and socially – and Anders Sandberg implies acceptance that medication can be used to ‘upgrade’ healthy people, as well as to treat diseases.
Smart Drugs – A Booming Trend
He was one of the researchers who responded to a debate in the science magazine Nature, which last month conducted an informal survey among its readers that showed that 20 percent had used drugs by non-medical reasons to “stimulate focus, concentration and memory . ” 1,400 readers from 60 different countries participated in the study and four out of five believed that healthy adults should have access to performance-enhancing drugs, also called smart drugs.
According to The New York Times, studies at the American universities to study in Nature reflects the trend among students in the United States, where between 4-16 percent of studying and exams have taken prescription stimulants such. ADHD medication Ritalin and Adderall. The spread of smart drugs vary widely among universities.
An anonymous student wrote in the Chronicle of Higher Education Web how 20 milligrams of Adderall day had turned his academic career around:
“I’m not talking about being able to work more hours without sleep (although it helps). I’m talking about being able to take twice as much responsibility, work twice as fast, write more effectively coordinate better, be more attentive, devise better and more creative strategies. “
And that’s exactly the point of Anders Sandberg, who believes that attempts to ban drugs for improving the ‘healthy’ people’s performance will be both impossible and counterproductive. First, a ban reduce the ability to monitor the potential and problems of medicine intake, and partly it will lead to increased diagnosis of healthy people, because people will always strive to improve themselves both through conventional methods such as education and training, and through the ‘shortcuts’ such as. medicine.
The increase in healthy people’s use of drugs has been the British Medical Association to call for a thorough debate among both experts and the general public about the ethical aspects of ‘cognitive improvement’ of healthy people.
British Medical Association finds in a report on the ethical aspects of ‘cognitive improvement’ from 2007 that individuals have always sought to improve performance through study and exercises, but the ‘short cut’ with drugs or medical technology, “may prove more controversial. ”
Among the potential problems mentioned British Medical Association: Maybe people will not only want to improve their own, but also their children’s abilities; new technologies can lead to both positive and negative social and cultural change not only for individuals but for society as a whole – and finally it is necessary to reflect on the extent and limitation in the ability of individuals to choose freely for themselves and others.
Risk of moving towards a destructive culture
British Medical Association is concerned about the lack of public debate on a phenomenon that is becoming more and more prevalent in secret: “We all have to decide whether we want to live in a society where the use of cognitive improvement routine.”
British Medical Association points out that society can benefit from such better researchers, but the consequence of a unilateral focus on improving intellectual performance also can move society toward a destructive culture where the focus on cooperation gives way to the benefit of individual success and the pursuit of competitive advantage.
At the same time, the use of performance-enhancing drugs lead to an “epidemic use of psychotropic drugs” and increased pressure on individuals to work harder and longer with negative social consequences, warns the British Medical Association.
According to Claus Møldrup are some of the sure winners in the evolution towards enhancing drugs in the short term pharmaceutical industry and employers, but society could eventually also gain from increased productivity and brain capacity.
But it is important that experts are at the forefront because medical improvement can have unintended consequences, emphasizes Claus Møldrup:
“A parallel example. Be growth promoters in pig production. At one point, our economy tied to it, and we could not stop again. The same will happen in the labor market, if you use these technologies – so we must be quite critical, but also look at the positive benefits. ”
Missing the bigger picture
Andreas Roepstorff, researcher in cognition, knowledge and technology history is skeptical of evolution:
“The body is a complex biological system, and if you turn on one parameter, it has consequences for others. As when a bodybuilder spends all his energy to train biceps, and then you get problems with triceps, “says Andreas Roepstorff, and elaborates how medical optimization can blur the sight of the bigger picture:
“Studies in the US military, which for many years has been the practice to use amphetamine-like substances to optimize focus and stay awake during long fighting, have shown that the extreme focus on the present moment can cause lack of sensitivity to the consequences of one’s actions. ”
Andreas Roepstorff call themselves “Puritan” when it comes to medical optimization: “My basic position is that it’s a slippery slope. Many of us know the need of a cup of morning coffee, and if you first start taking medication, can you keep up again? the good way to optimize is to use his body and his attention. I have not seen convincing research that medicine is a better way – but it may be that I am wrong. ”